Bursts Capillaries and Varicose Veins

Bursts Capillaries and Varicose Veins

What are varicose veins, capillaries and spider veins on the legs?

Capillaries and spider veins are small red and/or blue veins, which usually appear on the legs, but can also be found on the face and back. Varicose veins occur when the amount of blood contained within is particularly high and can be seen below the skin, due to a weakness in the venous system caused by the use of prolonged exertion or a dilation of the system. These lesions are classified according to their diameter: below 2mm is classified as spider veins, and 2mm and above as varicose veins.

What causes the formation of capillaries and varicose veins?

Their appearance is most often found in females for hormonal and anatomical reasons: pregnancy, contraceptive pills or hormonal therapy are often related to the emergence of these problems. Other factors, such as damage caused by accidents, the use of tight-fitting clothes of high heels, as well as a genetic predisposition, can also increase the likelihood of their appearance. Particularly large varicose veins are a symptom of serious vascular disorders which can generate thrombosis or skin ulcers: in these cases it is absolutely necessary to undergo a serious diagnosis.

Is it possible to prevent them?

There is no true and reliable prevention for their appearance, though certain measures can help lessen the possibility. Using elastic tights and shoes with flat heels, following a diet with a high fibre content, avoiding excessive sun exposure and regular physical exercise can all help avoid the appearance of capillaries and varicose veins.

Capillaries on the legs

Broken leg capillaries and varicose veins can cause discomfort and aesthetic problems. The mechanism most capable of reducing these so-called vascular lesions is known as thermo-coagulation. New generation laser equipment generates a beam of light which, thanks to its specific wavelength, penetrates into the cuticle and is absorbed by the blood components of the treated area. The absorbed energy is transformed into heat, and the heat derived from this interaction closes the dilated vessel in a stable and secure manner, without damaging surrounding tissue. The vascular lesions are thus absorbed by the organism and disappear without trace. Laser therapy is used for the treatment of particularly deep varicose veins, but also for those more minor and superficial .

Is laser treatment painful?

Patients usually experience a light tingling and a feeling of heat. A cold gel applied to the treated zone prevents any pain. We should also remember that, in contrast to other types of treatment, no needles of any kind are used.

How many sessions of treatment are necessary to solve the problem?

For the treatment of blue or red capillaries, because of their superficial presence, a single session may be sufficient. Veins of the legs, both deeper and larger, may however require several sessions - on average three - with a break of at least a month in between each one, in order to completely resolve the problem.

What should I do before and after treatment?

It is absolutely necessary to avoid exposure to ultraviolet light in the months before and after the treatment, do not take photosensitizing drugs and avoid taking aspirin two days before and after therapy. It is recommended to wear graded compression stockings in the days following treatment and moisturize the skin thoroughly to keep the treated vessels closed. Physical exercises involving the lower limbs and hot baths should be avoided. It is possible to observe only a few small scabs that will disappear within a week, meaning the return to daily activities is therefore immediate.

Face Capillaries

The causes that contribute to the formation of broken capillaries, so-called spidery veins and rosacea (adult acne) may be of genetic origin, or caused by ultraviolet radiation, pregnancy, particular hormonal therapies or smoking, among other things.


How can they be treated?

Laser technology today permits the elimination of these vascular imperfections, usually on the cheeks, nose, face and neck.

What can be expected post treatment?

The principal recommendation is to avoid exposure to ultraviolet rays in the days following the treatment. Some marks may be visible but these will disappear of their own accord after ten days or so. The use of sun protection will assure the complete absence of any side effects.

How many sittings are necessary?

Usually only one sitting is sufficient, although at times a second treatment is necessary after a few months in order to eliminate any small capillaries residing in the treated area.